Thursday, February 20, 2020
Jefferson, Madison, and the War of 1812 - Coursework Example Britain blocked American shipping vessels in order to stop supply of goods to France. France also imposed trade restrictions on neutral countries prohibiting trade with Britain. BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s impressment actions, which entailed forcing Americans to work on the British ships, also angered the Americans. The Royal Navy searched American ships for illegal goods and deserters who left the Royal Navy to work in American ships. In addition, Britain supported the Native American communities to resist American westward expansion. Thomas Jefferson sought to protect US interests by restricting trade with both Britain and France through the Embargo Act (Ward, 254). However, this act was very unpopular as it hurt severely the American economy. A group of new congress members, Ã¢â¬Ëthe War HawksÃ¢â¬â¢ put more pressure on President Madison to declare war on Britain. The war produced mixed results for America (Ward, 244). The Ghent peace treaty did not resolve the impressment problems and enhance maritime rights. However, American victories in the Atlantic was a sign of American future power. The War was a loss to the Ã¢â¬ËWar HawksÃ¢â¬â¢ who hoped for annexation of Canada. The big losers were First Nations and Tecumseh who hoped to end American
Saturday, February 8, 2020
Proposal - Essay Example ed to this are an increase in competition marketing cheaper imported goods; competitors using modern, and therefore more catchy business practices; and improved systems and methods to help to decrease their costs and the constantly changing demands of modern consumers, as well as a major depletion of customer awareness. The difficulties currently hampering QLG is that if they do not take immediate action, they will only be faced with more decreases in market share and profitability. We must also be prepared for continual losses of important and highly skilled staff members, as well as deterioration in the overall business performance and profitability. Our proposal outlines a progressive five stage process to address the objectives as identified by Queensland Leisure Group executives during the consultation process. These five stages will create positive change in a number of key areas: Business model change: QLG needs a flatter, more functional business structure which will reduce labour costs and increase flexibility to help them respond more quickly to the rapidly changing external environment, Following the analysis that we, NAHN Consulting, have completed, we have prepared this proposal for you which we believe will provide you with the guidance, tools and support that will greatly improve your current performance. We have forecast an improvement of 5% increase in your Net Profit in 2011 followed by a further 10% in 2012 based on the implementation of our proposed changes. It is also our firm belief that with these improvements you will increase your ability to attract and retain key talented staff members which will reduce costs associated with recruitment and training of new staff. The value to your organisation in meeting these objectives includes improving the overall productivity level and decreasing the costs of manual labour. In addition, the enthusiasm of human capital will be greatly increased, and employees will be more pleased, which will lead
Wednesday, February 5, 2020
The Going Public Strategy from Reagan to Bush - Essay Example Richard Nuestadt once claimed, Ã¢â¬Å"we have not so much a government of separated powers as a government of separated institutions sharing powersÃ¢â¬ (qtd Hendrick (1988) p. 15).Ã Since George Washington first stepped into office American presidents have had to pass their initiatives through Congress.Ã The high hopes Presidents have when they come to office can quickly be smashed by a majority of the opposing party in either house.Ã As a result of this, Presidents have to use various means to help them in their quest for passing bills through Congress.Ã One of the most prominent of these is going public on issues of great importance, such as passing a budget or reforming an important area of government.Ã In addition, Samuel Kernel believes that this public leadership strategy has become even more of a necessity in an era where members of Congress act as Ã¢â¬Å"free agents, ignoring traditional institutional arrangements in favor of public pressure from constituent s and interest groupsÃ¢â¬ (qtd in Mathew Corrigan) Bargaining between the Presidency and the legislature has become, to a large extent, ineffective.Presidencies in the Age of InformationThe impact in the growth and importance of media, especially television, over the last thirty years has been essential in the promotion of going public strategies.Ã Corrigan (2001) claims that in the information age of the new century, Ã¢â¬Å"presidents have new outlets to go public.Ã Media outlets such as CNN, Fox News, and C-Span provide national coverage to even minor public addresses. Video-teleconferencing offers the president the ability to speak to groups across the country from the Oval Office.Ã¢â¬ The Reagan Presidency No administration was more sharply affected by the media boom than Ronald ReaganÃ¢â¬â¢s. A master at video politics, Reagan took advantage of his public appeal to the fullest extent. Jacobs and Shapiro (2001) claim that, Ã¢â¬Å"the Reagan years are pivotal in understanding recent and future developments regarding the relationship between public opinion and presidential behaviour.Ã¢â¬ ReaganÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation as a strong president was built to a large extent through media portrayals. Riding on the wave of high public opinion Reagan appealed to the public to accept the proposed reversal in tax and spending policies outlined in the budget of 1981. The attempt on his life by John W. Hinckely, Jr., was the last media boost he needed to push through his reforms. Lewis (2001) claims that, Ã¢â¬Å"During the first two years of the Reagan presidency, for example, the press continually
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Bold and defiant ironic Essay As Act Two begins, Gerald is made to admit his crimes and confront the consequences of his actions. This in time leads to great amounts of hard feeling and tension felt between Gerald and Sheila. We hear of Geralds affair with Daisy Renton. This shows us many ideas of women and society. Whilst Eva is treated like dirt and dismissed because of her actions, Gerald is more or less just patted on the back and told well done. He is now viewed as with higher status and respect, yet the females reputation is dashed. Sheila is expected to put up with her husbands actions, to be a good girl, yet Gerald is congratulated. There is no question of him being punished. Instead Sheila is expected to pick up their ruined relationship, and marry him. Mrs Birlings entrance during act two is also comical. It causes heightened tension as in contrast to the situation in the room, Mrs Birling is bold and defiant- ironic when compared to what is happening in the dining room. Sheila is perceptive and can see that Mrs Birling is yet another suspect on Inspector Gooles list. When Mrs Birling begins, we dont think we can help you much. Sheila is adamant that her mother must stop then, as she is afraid youll say or do something that youll be sorry for afterwards. Her panic and emotional outburst gives rise to tension and allows us to see her social responsibility in contrast to other members of the family who remain insistent that they have done nothing wrong. In Act Two many secrets are revealed for the first time. To start with, we find out about Geralds affair and lies to Sheila. As if that is not bad enough, we also find out about the part Mrs Birling plays in Daisy/Evas suicide. The scene becomes extremely tense when we find out about Erics drinking problem, because whilst Gerald and Sheila already knew of it, Mrs Birling did not. She is adamant that it did not happen, and denies it three times, ignoring her daughter, but then believing Gerald, her daughters fiancÃ ¯Ã ¿Ã ½. Sheilas line, he hasnt started on you yet is rather telling. This strikes a feeling of doom in the audience. As the Inspector interrogates Mrs Birling the scene is very uptight and tense. Whilst Mrs Birling has clearly played a part in Evas death, she is consistently saying that it has nothing to do with her. It was her decision that resulted in Eva being left without money or a home, yet she will not admit to having a part to play in the suicide. Mrs Birling is quick to point the blame at the father of the unborn child. Mrs Birling retains her airs and rude gestures. Hes entirely responsible he ought to be dealt with very severely If we have not already realised, it is about now that we as the audience realise that Eric is the father of the unborn child and his own mother is writing his punishment. The scene is incredibly tense. When Mrs Birling realises that Eric is the father she is again in denial, But surely I mean its ridiculous I dont believe it, I wont believe it Act two ends as Eric enters the room to silent stares and hysterical faces. At this moment in the play the tension has not reached this level before. Act three begins where act two left off, You know, dont you? Inspector Goole proceeds to ask many quick questions: who, what, where, when, why? This barrage of questions gives Eric little time to think. The situation is already tense and this doesnt help his case. Eric shows remorse to his actions, although, out of the family, they must be the most serious. We find out he was drunk, has little recollection of events, and even stooped low enough to steal money from his fathers office. He honestly feels regret for his actions, but Mr Birling does not and is eager to cover up Erics mistakes. This is somewhat comical considering whats just happened, yet all he cares about is what other people think. The Inspector sums up the chain of events, in turn placing blame on each person present. He concludes that If men will not learn their lesson, then they will be taught it in blood fire and anguish. He exits quickly, leaves the family confused, angry and irritated.Ã Gerald re-enters shortly after the Inspectors exit, bringing a whole new perspective on the current events. That man wasnt a police officer. As soon as this news is delivered, tension rises again as the family consider they may have been tricked. Gerald begins to explain his theory tension falls. The family begins to question his existence; who he really was, and if he wasnt real, was the death real? They consider that the picture may well have been a fake, although then the hoax would have been very well planned. It is then that Gerald decides to call the Infirmary. This reveals that in fact their theory is correct, and no girl has died that day. Whilst this is great news and tension has greatly dropped, both Sheila and Eric arent ready to forget what has just happened. They both represent the views felt by Priestley, that you have to change because of what has happened, you cant just forget and go on pretending. Someone, somewhere, has been badly treated by each of them. Maybe this is why the phone rings again. Mr Birling answers the phone and is clearly shocked by what he hears at the other end. A girl has just died- on her way to the Infirmary- after swallowing disinfectant. And the police inspector is on his way here- to ask some- questions- This is a rather fitting ending and tension shoots straight up. The audience is left with many things to think about- this is exactly what Priestley had hoped to achieve. This play is all about social responsibility and by ending this way the audience has so many unanswered questions. An Inspector Calls will be on their mind for a long while as they consider countless things such as who the inspector really was. Could he be the personification of morality and justice? Perhaps if everyone had accepted their shortcomings and progressed with lessons learnt the ending would be different.Ã Throughout An Inspector Calls Priestley has manipulated the audience using tension. He has made them think, caused them to question. People must learn lessons from their mistakes just as Sheila and Eric did before its too late. Priestley is teaching us to be socially responsible.
Monday, January 27, 2020
Summary and Perspective on Why Privacy Matters Adam L. Haller Abstract This paper will summarize and give opinion based reactions to the TED Talks video by Glenn Greenwald titled Why privacy matters. The talk is based around why privacy is important, and examines revelations by whistle blower Edward Snowden and comments by CEOs of large internet based companies and the impact surveillance can have on privacy and peoples actions in general. Keywords: Privacy, Glenn Grinwald, TED Talks Summary and Perspective on Why privacy matters Technology, Entertainment and Design (TED) talks are short talks designed to spread free thinking ideas. The typical format is in a conference where a presenter talks about a concept or issue in a short, but informative manner. The time limit imposed is 18 minutes or less, with a few minutes for questions and observations by the moderator. The TED talks piece I choose is titled Why privacy matters which was recorded at the 2014 TEDGlobal in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Glenn Greenwald opens the dialog by describing an entire genre of YouTube videos which include individuals expressing behavior under the assumption no one can see it. He points to a few example activities dancing, singing, etc. Then the moment hits, when the actor realizes they are not alone and someone is watching. I like every other human being has experienced this at some point or another. Whether it is getting caught signing in the shower when you thought no one else was home, or something as Glenn describes that was caught on video and posted to the internet. Human beings by nature will behave differently depending on the presence of others, as well as the surrounding environment. In these examples the outcome is a minor amount of embarrassment for the person who expressed themselves as if no one was watching. Glenn goes on to further identify how global government entities have, converted the Internet, once heralded as an unprecedented tool of liberation and democratization, into an unprecedendented zone of mass, indiscriminate surveillance.. He supports this argument referencing the leaked reports by government whistle blower Edward Snowden. I agree with his characterization of the current state of the internet. After the devastating attacks of September 11, the sitting president at the time George W. Bush signed into law the USA PATRIOT act. This law to protect American lives, allowed the current state of the internet and government intrusion into digital communication. He goes on the identify a world view taken on by many people. The good people and the bad people. He likens the bad people to terrorists such as the ones who hijacked planes and decimated thousands of lives on that fateful September day. The good people as being the mother who surfs the web looking for new recipes, or the father who uses the internet to research a family outing. I can identify with this feeling as before watching this TED talk I was one of these people. I thought to myself my online activity contains no nefarious intent, I have nothing to hide, and no reason to fear some government analyst reviewing my google searches or internet postings. This is also based on my own assumption that viewing any of my related activities would be nothing more than a waste of government time, and with all the bad people out there they must have more valuable targets to asses. This is the sort of thinking that has been impressed on us by those who have instituted these controls. Glenn goes on to point out that even the naysayers who proclaim they dont value privacy. Often, act in a way that contrary to these words. One example is the CEO of Google who was quoted in a 2009 interview as saying, If youre doing something that you dont want other people to know, maybe you shouldnt be doing it in the first place. Eric later showed how his privacy was important when a CNET article titled Google balances privacy, reach was published in 2005 which resulted in a companywide directive to no longer communicate with the internet magazine. This shows me that I am not alone in my feelings about privacy, when I think about digital privacy I use the lens of not looking at my privacy but another persons. Once it is your own privacy being invaded, the action taken may not be in line with your previous statement of I have nothing to hide and dont care. A great point Greenwald goes on to make is to people such as myself who take this stance. When he gives people an email address, and asks them to send him all their authentication information for both work and personal email addresses. So, he may, just troll through what it is youre doing online, read what it is youre doing online, read what I want to read and publish whatever I find interesting. After all, if youre not a bad person, if youre doing nothing wrong, you should have nothing to hide. This statement really hit me because looking at my own life, I do consider myself to not be bad person or having anything to hide but the feeling of willingly letting someone else go through my personal correspondences leaves a sinking feeling in my stomach. Looking back at my own email accounts and they contain personal communications between myself and my wife and other family. Additionally, I have even found notes toÃ myself, which include reminders or places I need to go on my ride hom e from work. Although this information to me is not bad in nature, who knows if what I wrote could be flagged by some government agency as a thought crime. Could an inside joke made between me and my wife be construed as something else? Quite possibly it could open the door for more scrutiny on my online activities which stretches to my family, loved ones, friends, and casual acquaintances. Every human has some form of a secret, the secret inherently isnt something that is bad or destructive in nature. Glenn makes a good point, of stating that there are just certain things like views on specific topics, religion, or anything in that matter that people would rather keep private. He goes on the examine how the overtone of constantly being watched can hinder the way a person behaves. To add credence to this point, he brings up the 18th century philosopher, Jeremy Bentham. Bentham instituted an architectural design known as the panopticon. The panopticon is a building design that allows for viewing of individuals, but the individuals do not know if they are truly being watched. In this case the individuals being observed have the knowledge that they could be observed at any point. This institutes as Bentham himself described it as, a new mode of obtaining power of mind over mind, in a quantity hitherto without example.. What he was saying that the mere knowledge of the indi viduals that they could at any given time be being observed help curve their behavior to be in line with the institutions rules. Glenn goes on to describe how this reasoning has been a common place theme in society for much of recorded history. He observes that this power of mind over mind has been used similarly by the Abrahamic religions. He says that they employ this method using, Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦an invisible, all-knowing authority who, because of its omniscience, always watches whatever youre doing, which means you never have a private moment, the ultimate enforcer for obedience to its dictates. The main difference I would argue, is the Abrahamic religions use a base moral system, and the all-knowing being is one which followers of these religions believe to be a higher power. One that is above reproach when it comes to ethics, morals, and the like. There is a difference between an all-knowing being, and a government entity ran by other human beings. The last points he makes are about the overall realm of privacy and the mindset that comes with the lack of privacy. He explains, that the argument made by proponents of privacy is that only those who are doing something wrong need to be worried about privacy. Looking through the lens of right and wrong is different from your point of view. For instance, in some places you can be put to death for doing some heinous act. In others, the people believe that murder is murder and that all killing is wrong regardless of what act has been committed. The idea that anyone seeking privacy is doing something bad doesnt quite work with the current world. It takes a black and white approach to an issue which deserves to be observed in shades of grey. Glenn points out that to a normal citizen something bad may be a terrorist attack, but to a government agency something bad could be expressing an idea that conflicts with those in powers. Even though we have the right to freedom of speech, and expre ss our own ideas our own actions could be altered because of the surveillance currently being used. Looking back in history, how would women activists or those fighting for civil rights been viewed by those in power at their times. What sort of additional hurdles would have this sort of surveillance caused to those people? No one can know the answers for sure, but it is something to ponder. References Last Name, F. M. (Year). Article Title. Journal Title, Pages From To. Last Name, F. M. (Year). Book Title. City Name: Publisher Name
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Pros and Cons of Home Schooling Every parent is faced with the decision of whether or not to home school their child. While some families may find home schooling as being very helpful and beneficial to their childÃ¢â¬â¢s education, others may find that it is crucial their child be sent to a normal school. Some parents are hesitant to send their children to public school because of crime and lack of discipline and also because they fear that the quality of education is declining. Parents may also feel that sending their child to school will aid in their social development. Home schooling has both advantages and disadvantages which aid parents in this difficult decision. Home schooling has been proven to result in higher test scores for students. This could possibly be a result of a more individualized learning environment where personal attention is always given. According to two Time reporters, Ã¢â¬Å"the average SAT score home schoolers in 2000 was 1100, compared with 1019 for the general populationÃ¢â¬ (Cloud and Morse). The amount of time a child has been home schooled has a direct correlation with their performance on standardized tests. Ã¢â¬Å"Home-schooled pupils who took the Iowa Test of Basic Skills outscored public school students by 37 percentile points.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"On the Stanford Achievement Test, the advantage was 30 percentile points.Ã¢â¬ (Viadero) It is clear that home schooling does not hinder a childÃ¢â¬â¢s education. While home schooled children may achieve academically ...
Sunday, January 19, 2020
Genetically Modified Plants and its Impacts Biotechnology, a merging of biology and technology, has greatly contributed to our current well-being. Scientists employ biotechnology to develop medicinal treatments, alternative energy, and agricultural products. Its advances also enable scientists to alter organisms through genetic engineering, a biotechnological technique, involving modification of DNA and the transfer of gene components between species to promote replication of specific traits. Scientists apply this technique to a wide range of organisms including plants. Genetically modified plants (GM), namely transgenic plants, contain traits such as better nutritional quality, tolerance to insecticide and diseases, and greater yield. These GM crops impose benefits on human health, environment, and economics. However, a number of scientists and organizations criticize GM crops despite its advantages. The opposition argues that GM crops put potential risk on not only human health but also the environment, leading to increasi ng use of herbicide and allergic reaction in some people. Evidence regarding GM crops controversy reveals how biotech companies suppress research that would otherwise reveal adverse effects of transgenic plants to the public. Genetic engineering is a modern biotechnology technique, which allows gene slicing and transferring between one organism and another. This altered genetic make-up results in the change of certain protein production that indirectly removes or adds certain features to modified organisms. Genetic modification differs from traditional biotechnology because genes of animals, plants, and bacteria can be combined to create organisms with altered traits that would not occur naturally. This tech... ...n manipulating and limiting independent research on GM plants clearly undermines the credibility of information obtained through research institutions funded by these companies. The majority of published researches has shown potential benefits of GM plants in producing more nutritious foods, decreasing use of insecticide, and increasing farmersÃ¢â¬â¢ profits. However, there is a tendency that these studies are conducted in favor of biotech companies. The studies on GM plantsÃ¢â¬â¢ negative impacts are still scarce due to manipulation by biotech companies. Due to the lack of independent scientific research on the impacts of transgenic plants, it is crucial for consumer to have the right to choose whether they want to consume GM plants or not. To do so, GM labeling law must be passed. And it can only be done if more consumers participate and support the GM labeling movement. Ã¢â¬Æ'